About Alpaca

The Alpaca, the singular and elegant South American camelid, distant cousin of the camels and dromedaries, live upon the immense arid plains of the “Altiplano” highlands in the Andes, at 4,500 meters above sea level, where temperatures can reach 30ºC below zero, at the feet of spectacular snow-capped peaks.

Their sacred value and exclusivity is illustrated in the use of their fibres to make the clothing of the Incan royalty that resided in Cuzco and throughout the Andean region.

There are four species of camelids: Llamas and Alpacas have been domesticated for approximately 6000 years. Vicuñas and Guanacos are both wild and these species are protected by law.

The long, reddish hair of the Alpaca is considered one of the finest natural fibres in the world along with cashmere and mohair.

Thanks to its natural genetic characteristics, Alpaca hair is made of a fibre that protects it from extreme variations in the climate of the Andean region.  Its fibres have microscopic pockets of air that contract when it is cold and expand when it is hot, thus regulating the temperature and providing perfect insulation.

The main properties of Alpaca fibre are its elasticity and resistance, its thermal properties (Alpaca fibres act as insulation, thus are capable of preserving an agreeable temperature near the body in very cold weather, even though they are very fine fibres).  It is soft to the touch, its natural sheen is exceptionally lustrous, it hangs very well, maintenance does not change over time, it absorbs very little environmental humidity, and it is not flammable (the fibres do not burn if not in direct contact with fire).

With 22 varieties of natural colours which range from white to black and all arrays of brown, the wool can be mixed and died to obtain many other tonalities of extraordinary beauty.

The entire procedure to obtain the fibres is done in a painless manner, shearing every two years in order to obtain an average of 3 kilograms of material per animal. This is a respectful and ecological means for the rural indigenous populations, whom shear these animals still in the traditional way, to access greater economic resources.